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Northern pike

Northern pike

European crayfish

European crayfish

Northern pike

Northern pike

Facts

LatinEsox lucius
Size150 cm
FoodFish
HabitatLakes, ponds and large rivers. Also found in brackish water along coastlines
IUCN

Least concern

Not endangered in nature

LocationNorthern Hemisphere, though not the Arctic region
Map

Ferocious jaws

The northern pike has a broad head and a large mouth. Its teeth are needle-sharp. They point backward and there are several rows of teeth located on its tongue and palate. The body is long. The dorsal fin and anal fin are positioned right on top of one another, far back on the body. Typically, the northern pike is green with yellow markings.

A wide-ranging menu

The northern pike eats European perch, roach, frogs, ducklings and water rats. It also doesn't shy away from feeding on smaller fish of its own species.

On the hunt

The northern pike lies in ambush when hunting its prey. It lurks patiently in hiding between aquatic plants or slowly patrols the area. The northern pike attacks by lunging at its prey.

Greedy

If the northern pike bites into prey that is too large, it cannot spit it out because its teeth point backward. It is possible to see a northern pike with prey hanging halfway out of its mouth.

Catch a northern pike

If you want to catch a northern pike, you'll need bait/bait-fish. This is how the very large northern pike are caught. If you succeed – just remember that the northern pike's teeth are as sharp as glass shards, so watch your fingers.


Herrings in the Sound

Boulder reef in the Sound

Hideouts of the seabed

Sandy bottom

Eelgrass in the Sound

Faroese bird cliff

Seaotter

Pacific octopus

Red king crab

American lobster