Our animals

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Northern lakes and seas

The ocean

Tropical rivers and lakes

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Dwarf mormyrid

Electric eel

Cave tetra

Neon tetra

Arowana

Philippines crocodile

Arapaima

Piranha

Stream aquarium

Under the riverbank

River cichlids

The plants in the river

Angelfish

Armored predators

Discusfish

Poison Frog

African river

Archerfish

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Banded archerfish

Banded archerfish

Smallscale archerfish

Smallscale archerfish

West African mud turtle

West African mud turtle

Paraguay pleco

Paraguay pleco

Bala Shark

Bala Shark

Banded archerfish

Banded archerfish

Facts

LatinToxotes jaculatrix
Size30 cm
FoodInsects and small crustaceans
HabitatMangrove swamps and estuaries
IUCN

Least concern

LocationIndia, Southeast Asia and northern Australia
Map

Hunting at the surface

The banded archerfish hunts insects near the water's surface. It spots insects quickly with its large eyes that sit on top of its head. The insects themselves have a difficult time spotting the banded archerfish because its back is so narrow.

A water gun

The banded archerfish shoots down insects with water. It forms a small tube with its mouth and tongue. It rapidly closes its gills together and spits a jet of water. The banded archerfish has a high degree of accuracy within a distance of 1 metre, but it can hit insects up to 3 metres away.

Many ways of feeding

The banded archerfish also finds prey in the water or on the water's surface. When an insect flies close to the surface, the banded archerfish jumps out of the water and snatches it.

Archer by day and by night

The banded archerfish can also hunt at night. Tests have shown that in pitch darkness, a banded archerfish can put out a burning cigarette placed 2 metres above the water. This suggests that the banded archerfish also hunts insects that light up at night, such as fireflies.


Endangered species

Lake Tanganyika

Lake Malawi