Our animals

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Northern lakes and seas

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The crevices of the coral reef

The Ocean

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Loggerhead sea turtle

Loggerhead sea turtle

Scalloped hammerhead

Scalloped hammerhead

Blacktip reef shark

Blacktip reef shark

Whitespotted wedgefish

Whitespotted wedgefish

Ocellated eagle ray

Ocellated eagle ray

Flapnose ray

Flapnose ray

Round ribbontail ray

Round ribbontail ray

Leopard whipray

Leopard whipray

Giant grouper

Giant grouper

Atlantic Goliath grouper

Atlantic Goliath grouper

Bowmouth guitarfish

Bowmouth guitarfish

Zebra shark

Zebra shark

Spotted wobbegong

Spotted wobbegong

Golden trevally

Golden trevally

Blackside hawkfish

Blackside hawkfish

Sunburst butterflyfish

Sunburst butterflyfish

Threadfin butterflyfish

Threadfin butterflyfish

Eyestripe surgeonfish

Eyestripe surgeonfish

Common bluestripe snapper

Common bluestripe snapper

Five-lined snapper

Five-lined snapper

Redbelly yellowtail fusilier

Redbelly yellowtail fusilier

Yellowbanded sweetlips

Yellowbanded sweetlips

Clown triggerfish

Clown triggerfish

Humphead wrasse

Humphead wrasse

Yellowbar angelfish

Yellowbar angelfish

King angelfish

King angelfish

Bluespine unicornfish

Bluespine unicornfish

Snubnose pompano

Snubnose pompano

Indo-pacific tarpon

Indo-pacific tarpon

Bluestreak cleaner wrasse

Bluestreak cleaner wrasse

Dark-banded fusilier

Dark-banded fusilier

Potato grouper

Potato grouper

Atlantic Goliath grouper

Atlantic Goliath grouper

Facts

LatinEpinephelus itajara
Size250 cm
FoodFish and benthic animals
HabitatTropical reefs
IUCN

Critically endangered

The biggest threat is overfishing

LocationThe tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean
Map

The top of the food chain

The Goliath grouper grows to a length of 2.5 metres and can weigh 360 kg. It is so large that it has no natural enemies.

A huge mouthful

The Goliath grouper mainly eats crustaceans and fish, but it is happy to nab small sea turtles, sharks and rays as long as it can get its teeth round them. It swallows its prey whole, and a row of small teeth in the Goliath grouper’s lower mouth prevent the prey from escaping.

Ambush

The Goliath grouper swims very slowly and is often completely still in the water. It hunts by ambush and opens its mouth at the speed of lightning when the prey gets close. This creates a negative pressure and the prey is sucked into the fish’s mouth.

Growling fighter

Goliath groupers can get in touch with their fellow species by making a growling sound using the swim bladder inside its body. That means they can find one another when they need to mate.


The Shipwreck

Venomous fish

Darkfin hind

The small mouths

Tropical touchpool

Coral reef

Small fish

Under construction