Our animals

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Scalloped hammerhead

Scalloped hammerhead

Blacktip reef shark

Blacktip reef shark

Whitespotted wedgefish

Whitespotted wedgefish

Ocellated eagle ray

Ocellated eagle ray

Flapnose ray

Flapnose ray

Whitetail stingray

Whitetail stingray

Round ribbontail ray

Round ribbontail ray

Leopard whipray

Leopard whipray

Whitespotted surgeonfish

Whitespotted surgeonfish

Giant grouper

Giant grouper

Atlantic Goliath Grouper

Atlantic Goliath Grouper

Bowmouth guitarfish

Bowmouth guitarfish

Giant moray

Giant moray

Emperor red snapper

Emperor red snapper

Zebra shark

Zebra shark

Spotted wobbegong

Spotted wobbegong

Brownbanded bambooshark

Brownbanded bambooshark

Epaulette shark

Epaulette shark

Longspined porcupinefish

Longspined porcupinefish

Golden trevally

Golden trevally

Blackside hawkfish

Blackside hawkfish

Sunburst butterflyfish

Sunburst butterflyfish

Eyestripe surgeonfish

Eyestripe surgeonfish

Green moray

Green moray

Common blue-strips snapper

Common blue-strips snapper

Redbelly yellowtail fusilier

Redbelly yellowtail fusilier

Raccoon butterflyfish

Raccoon butterflyfish

Emperor red snapper

Emperor red snapper

Orbicular batfish

Orbicular batfish

Bignose unicornfish

Bignose unicornfish

Humphead wrasse

Humphead wrasse

Yellowbar angelfish

Yellowbar angelfish

King angelfish

King angelfish

Bluespine unicornfish

Bluespine unicornfish

Snubnose pompano

Snubnose pompano

Bluestreak cleaner wrasse

Bluestreak cleaner wrasse

Dark-banded fusilier

Dark-banded fusilier

Potato grouper

Potato grouper

Great barracuda

Great barracuda

Indo-pacific tarpon

Indo-pacific tarpon

Atlantic Goliath grouper

Atlantic Goliath grouper

Facts

LatinEpinephelus itajara
Size250 cm
FoodFish and benthic animals
HabitatTropical reefs
IUCN

Critically endangered

The biggest threat is overfishing

LocationThe tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean
Map

The top of the food chain

The Goliath grouper grows to a length of 2.5 metres and can weigh 360 kg. It is so large that it has no natural enemies.

A huge mouthful

The Goliath grouper mainly eats crustaceans and fish, but it is happy to nab small sea turtles, sharks and rays as long as it can get its teeth round them. It swallows its prey whole, and a row of small teeth in the Goliath grouper’s lower mouth prevent the prey from escaping.

Ambush

The Goliath grouper swims very slowly and is often completely still in the water. It hunts by ambush and opens its mouth at the speed of lightning when the prey gets close. This creates a negative pressure and the prey is sucked into the fish’s mouth.

Growling fighter

Goliath groupers can get in touch with their fellow species by making a growling sound using the swim bladder inside its body. That means they can find one another when they need to mate.


Common octopus

Cuttlefish

Seadragons

The small mouths

The pier

Coral reef

Fish nursery

Under construction